One of the most beautiful places in God's own country
Muvattupuzha is a beautiful town in Ernakulam district of Kerala which is a land with great natural beauty and popularly known as "God's Own Country". From the majestic heights of the Western Ghats this land undulates westward presenting a vista of silent valleys clothed in the richest green. Among the many rivers that glide across the plains to merge their waters with the Arabian sea, the more important are the Periyar, the Pamba and the Bharathappuzha. Along the coast, sand dunes shelter a linked chain of lagoons and backwaters the still waters of which are studded with sea-gulls and country canoes plying at a snail's pace.


Kerala, one of the smallest states in the Republic of India, was formed in 1956. It has an area of 15,005 sq. miles. [38,863 sq. km. ] about one percent of the total land area of India. The state stretches for about 360 miles along the Malabar coast on the western side of the Indian peninsula; its width varies from 20 to 75 miles. It is bordered by the states of Karnataka on the north, Tamil Nadu to the east and the Arabian sea to the west. The state has 14 districts and the capital is Thiruvananthapuram.

Muvattupuzha is so called because the term means "the land where three rivers merge" The mighty of Muvattupuzha is mainly depending on the Muvattupuzha river which is formed from three rivers viz. Thodaupuzha river, Kothamangalam river and Kaliyar river. These three rivers join together at Muvattupuzha and is flowing down south-west as a single river to Vaikkam lake and finally joins the Arabian sea. Since Muvattupuzha town has formed on the bank of rivers it has got a significant place among the northern regions of Tranvancore.

Back to the History
Muvattupuzha town was an important commercial center till the first quarter of the 19th century. Since it is lying west to the highrange regions , Munnar , Devikulam ,Kothamangalam, Idukki etc , which are considered as the largest producers of spices and commercial corps , and east to Kochi , the importance of Muvattupuzha is significant as it is the only route of road transportation as well as the water transportation to the Kochi port. During the 17th and 18th centuries the transportaton of coconut , pepper, cardamom etc. from the eastern regions to Allappuzha and Kochi ports are mainly through big temporary boats made of wood logs.


From August till May it was an every day scene that an array of boats made of wood logs loaded with commercial goods are flowing through the Muvattupuzha river to the Kochi and Allappuzha ports. This reveals the importance of Muvattupuzha in the advancement of trade and commerce and the massive improvements of economic conditions of Kerala as well as India during the 17th and 18th centuries.


19th century witnessed a number of administrative reforms in Kerala when the Englishman John Munro became the Resident Dewan of Tranvancore. Muvattupuzha also achieved a lot of developments during his time. It is to be noted that the first concrete bridge ever built in Kerala is in Muvattupuzha. The construction of the bridge was in 1914 and was under the supervision of the British engineer, W H Emrald . In order to convince the public who are suspicious about the stability of the bridge, there is a story that fifteen elephants walked together over the bridge on its inauguration day while the British engineer and his family stood beneath.

Education
Interest in education , compared to other states, holds a higher position in Kerala. Parents work hard and sacrifice a great deal to send their children to schools and colleges.There are many famous educational institutions in Muvattupuzha. Once , Muvattupuzha Model High School was the single educational institution in the northern region of Tranvancore. Today the famous Nirmala College ,Nirmala High School,Saint Augustine's Girls High School , Saint Sebastian's High School and many other educational organizations and technical institutions in Muvattupuzha forms distinctive culture in Kerala with reference to the educational and literacy accomplishments.



Argriculture
Argriculture is the main livelyhood of the people here and it forms a major influencing factor of the economy. Muvattupuzha has got a good place in the agricultural integration in Kerala from the very long back. Even though it could not develop much in industrial area it has made a revolution in many other areas of human life. An enormous quantity of coconut, cane sugar, rice, pine apple, banana, coffee etc. are seen all over the Muvattupuzha Taluk. Now the cane sugar cultivation is reduced . Rice cultivation has gone down. Farmers are more concentrating on Rubber and Pine apple.

Muvattupuzha is famous all over the world as the biggest production center of Pine apple. The village , Vazhakkulam in Muvattupuzha is very famous for Pine apple cultivation . The recently established Pine apple factory and exporting unit at Vazhakkulam can contribute a lot to the Agricultural integration of Muvattupuzha. An irrigation office is recently opened in Muvattpuzha to protect and effectively utilize the water of Muvattupuzha river. The recently inaugurated European Global Market and the similar industries can do many things to the over all development of Muvattupuzha.


A place where people live in harmony and co-existence
Muvattupuzha is distinguished by the presence of three major religions. They are Hinduism,Christianity and Islam. Hindus , however is not a homogeneous group. They form 40% of the Muvattupuzha Taluk population. Among Kerala Hindus , the major sects or castes are Brahmins,Nairs,Ezhavas and Scheduled (Backward) castes.Brahmins in Kerala are called Namboodiris ( Nambu means sacred or trustworthy, diri means light ). Being the priestly caste they are addressed as thirumenis (grace), the highest honorable title used to address a person.


Nairs always maintain close relationship with Namboodiris. They served as warriors. Since men were away from home for long periods of time to take part in war , women assumed a greater responsibility of the house hold. Ezhavas form 25% of the population of Kerala and 18% of Muvattupuzha Taluk.Scheduled castes were treated as untouchables because they were lower in educational,economic and social status compared to the rest of the Hindus. However the social status and stability have drastically changed among the lower castes in the present century by the forces of modernization.
Islam ,one of the major religions of the world reached Kerala shores soon after its inception in the seventh century. They form 30% of the Muvattupuzha population against 20% of the Kerala population.

Christians form 30% of the Muvattupuzha population compared to the state level 22% and national level 2.6%. The long history of Christianity starting from the early Christian centuries is unique to Kerala because in most parts of India , this religion is introduced in modern times with the arrival of foreign missionaries.They created a social climate to the growth of new ideas and modification of existing institutions. It was achieved mainly through education for which Christians took the initiative. Also they played a significant role in the realm of politics.

One of the significant factors of Muvattupuzha is the secularism existing there right from the very olden days. Here the population of Hindus , Muslims and Christians are almost equal. Every where in the taluk one can see the Hindu temples ,Muslim mosques and Christian churches standing close to each other. Though religion is the major aspect of Indian culture , the people at Muvattupuzha are giving more importance to human values . They actively participate in the festivals of all religions without any distinction.

Muvattupuzha is blessed with the birth of many eminent personalities. Sri Neelakanda Theertha Padar, Shatkala Govinda Marar and Odattil Kesava Menon are the sons of Muvattupuzha. In the 19th century Muvattupuzha is again blessed with the birth of Sri. M P Manmadhan. The famous poet Chempathil Chathukutti Mannadiyar is also belonging to Muvattupuzha.

Future
The water from Periyar which is utilizing in Idukki hydel power plant is flowing through Muvattupuzha river. That makes Muvattupuzha river always filled with water even when the summer is in its high. As the consumer of Periyar Valley project Muvattupuzha is getting high opportunity to develop. The proposed Sabari Railway line is passing through Muvattupuzha which offers a place for Muvattupuzha in Indian railway map. Still Muvattupuzha district remains to be a dream for the people in Muvattupuzha and nearby Taluks. The new district is supposed to be formed by merging the taluks Perumbavoor, Kothamangalam, Kolenchery, Thodupuzha, Piravom and Koothattukulam .Yes, still the people are looking forward to the future …. to fulfill the dream.. the dream for a developed Muvattupuzha.


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